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A hoe is a tool that is most commonly used for farming. When the player presses right-click (right trigger on console editions) on Dirt or Grass, the hoe plows that block into farmland. Players can plant seeds to grow Wheat, Melons, Pumpkins, and other crops on it. The hoe is the only tool that has inflicts the same damage no matter what material it is crafted from.


The hoe is used to till Dirt and Grass into farmland for producing (growing) Wheat, Melons, or Pumpkins. There is a misguided belief that gold hoes instantly create fertile (watered) farmland, but this is not true. When dirt is tilled by a Water source block, any tilled dirt at least 4 blocks away will become fertile (again, watered). This information can be used to make very efficient gardens. To do so, put a water source into the ground and till the dirt 4 blocks on each side. Then, make a "cube" of tilled dirt then till all the remaining dirt. Doing this will make all the dirt fertile, making crops grow much faster, and produce more crops. Unlike other Tools, hoes do not increase damage dealt in combat, nor do they lose Durability when used to hit a mob or break a block.

Note: Tilled dirt turns into normal dirt if one jumps on it or if water gets on it. To convert back to tilled dirt, simply use the hoe to convert the land back to farmland.


Hoes can be enchanted with efficiency, fortune, mending, and unbreaking


Wooden Hoe Stone Hoe
Wood Planks Wood Planks None Cobblestone Cobblestone None
None Stick None None Stick None
None Stick None None Stick None
Iron Hoe Gold Hoe
Iron Ingot Iron Ingot None Gold Ingot Gold Ingot None
None Stick None None Stick None
None Stick None None Stick None
Diamond Hoe
Diamond Diamond None
None Stick None
None Stick None
Netherite Hoe
Diamond Hoe Netherite Ingot None
None None None
None None None


  • Prior to Beta 1.2, there was a glitch that placing a dirt block under any block, tilling the dirt, and planting a seed on it would cause the block above to disappear without yielding any blocks.
  • Prior to Minecraft Version 1.6, this tool was also used to collect seeds from grass blocks. This feature of the hoe is now redundant because of the addition of tall grass.
  • The hoe is regarded as one of the most useless tools (with exception of when a player is farming) as it has the capability to be formed from any material (Iron, Gold, Diamond, etc.), but these offer no real advantages over the simple wooden version. Therefore, hoes made from difficult-to-find materials are usually utilized as a "good luck charm" or decoration when not in use. The different versions gave durability differences.
  • Due to the fact that once a garden is made a hoe isn't used that much, one hoe of any type can last a player quite a long time.
  • A Farmer Villager may gift a player a stone hoe when the player successfully defends the village against a Raid.
  • Due to the fact that all hoes have the same work output, prior to update 1.16, a wooden hoe had the same effect as the diamond hoe rendering the diamond hoe useless, other than that the diamond hoe has more durability. However, since the release of 1.16, the hoe has become the tool of choice for certain blocks, giving a genuine use for hoes made of precious materials other than durability.