Map

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A map is an item used to view explored terrain.

Obtaining[edit | edit source]

Crafting[edit | edit source]

Template:Crafting Template:Crafting

Natural generation[edit | edit source]

Template:LootChestItem

Template:LootChestItem

Template:Notelist

Cartography Table[edit | edit source]

A map can also be created using a single paper on a cartography table to create an empty map, or a paper with a compass for an empty locator map.[Bedrock Edition only]

Inventory[edit | edit source]

Template:Exclusive Template:IN, the player can enable the option to spawn with a map in their hotbar when creating a new world. If the world type is infinite or flat then zoom scale is 34 (1:8), but if the world type is old then zoom scale is 12 (1:4).

Villagers[edit | edit source]

Novice-level cartographer villagers sell a single empty map for an emerald as their trades.

Template:IN, cartographer villagers may give players with the Hero of the Village effect an empty map.

Template:IN, journeyman-level cartographer villagers have 13 chance to sell a single empty locator map for 5 emeralds.

Usage[edit | edit source]

See also: Tutorials/Mapping

Mapping[edit | edit source]

Crafting a map creates an empty map. The map is drawn for the first time when it is held and used (with use item). This map can then be adjusted to different zoom levels. After conversion to a drawn map item, it starts to draw a top-down view of the player's surroundings, with North pointing to the top of the map. A pointed oval pointer indicates the player's position on the map, and moves in real time as the player moves across the terrain shown on the map. The map does not center on the player when created, rather, the world is broken up into large invisible grid squares, and the map displays the area of whichever grid square it is in when it is first used.[1] For example, if a player uses a new map in a certain grid square, and then moves a distance away and uses another fresh map but is still within the same grid square, both maps appear identical. To make a map that is not identical to the first one, the player would have to move outside of the edges of the first map (because then they would be in a new grid square). This way, no two maps of the same size can ever partially overlap and every map can display only a fixed area.

To record the world on a map, that specific map must be held in the player's hands while the player moves around the world. The world is recorded as-is during exploration, meaning that if the world is modified, a player must revisit the area while holding the map to update the map's view. Maps can also be cloned. If a player holds a map whose clone is on display in an item frame, then that map updates while holding its clone. A map's parameters are fixed when the map is first used, meaning the map does not remain centered on the player—the drawing snaps to a pre-set grid.

Other players are displayed on the map only if they have a map in their inventory cloned from the one being looked at. When placing a map into an item frame, the map displays with a green pointer shown at the location of the item frame. This is to help the player see where they are in relation to the area that the map is showing. If the player leaves a map in an item frame and views a clone of it, the green pointer remains in the spot of the framed copy. This can be used to set up waypoints. Unexplored areas are transparent, making the item frame visible.

When the player leaves the area shown on a specific map, the player pointer transforms into a white dot on that map. The marker shrinks to a smaller white dot if the player is far from the map's center: the radius is 320 blocks per scale factor. The dot moves along the edge of the map to show the relative location of the player. However Template:In, the pointer remains as an arrow but shrinks until the player is near the area shown in the map.

While maps in the Nether work, they show only a red and gray pattern. The only useful function is finding where the player is in relation to where the map was made (the center), or have placed framed maps (green pointers). Additionally, the player pointer rapidly spins and is not a good indicator of direction. Placing a banner in the Nether still shows it on the map as usual.

Template:IN, when using a map from another dimension, the map shows the player's position and direction when they were last in the dimension of the map. Template:IN, however, the player can use maps from one dimension while in another dimension. For locator maps, the place marker changes color depending on the dimension that the player is currently in (white for the Overworld, red for the Nether, and magenta for the End). An Overworld map in the Nether shows the player's corresponding location and direction in the Overworld.[2] Similarly, a Nether Map in the Overworld shows the player's corresponding location in the Overworld, but the place marker spins, just like a Nether map in the Nether. An overworld map in the End shows the world spawn.[2] A Nether map cannot be used in the End — the map appears, but the place marker is not shown anywhere — and similarly, an End map cannot be used in the Overworld or the Nether.

A player can make a large piece of pixel art facing upward, center a map on it, and place that map in an item frame to create a custom picture.

Maps display as a mini map when held in the off hand, or if the off-hand slot is occupied; the map is full-sized only when held in the dominant hand with both hands free. In the New Nintendo 3DS Edition, the map is not an item, and is instead always displayed on the Touch Screen.

Map content[edit | edit source]

Main article: Map item format

Maps consist of square pixels arranged like pixels in a 128×128 square pattern, with each pixel representing a square portion of land. Generally, the color of a map pixel matches the color of the most common opaque block in the corresponding area, as seen from the sky. 'Minority blocks' in the target area have no effect on the color of the pixel, thus small features tend to be undetectable on zoomed-out maps.

Template:IN, grass, foliage and water colors that are biome-dependent are represented accurately on a map.

Maps also show ground up to about 15 blocks below the surface of the water in oceans as slightly lighter blue, to show where the ground rises. This is not true with land above water. Higher elevations in the world mean lighter colors on the map. The map records the surface even as the player moves below the surface.

A standard map represents 128x128 blocks (1 block per pixel, 8 square chunks) but maps can be zoomed-out to represent up to 2048x2048 blocks (16 square blocks per pixel, 128 square chunks).

Some relevant distances: 128 blocks (8 chunks) is the update radius from a player in the overworld. However, it is half this (64 blocks) in the End and the Nether. Also, 1024 blocks is the minimum Overworld distance from a nether portal, at which players can build another portal and expect to reach a new location in the Nether. This is the distance across a 1:8 map, and also from a 1:16 map's center to its edge.

Player marker and pointer[edit | edit source]

Template:IN, every map contains a marker that marks the position of the player, and points in the same direction as the player.

Template:IN, a map can be crafted with or without this marker, and a map without a position marker can add one later by adding a compass to the map. When a map is crafted without a compass, it's simply called an "empty map", but when crafted with a compass, it's called an "empty locator map". The marker also turns red if the player enters the nether with an overworld map and show the player's overworld location relative to the nether location. A map created in the End has a purple marker showing the player's location. If an Overworld map is used in the End, a purple dot appears on the player's spawn point.

Map/BE Template:Crafting

Template:IN, a cartography table can also be used to adding pointer to create locator map or empty locator map, by adding compass with paper, empty map or map.

Zoom out[edit | edit source]

Map/BE

A cartography table can also be used to Zoom out, taking only one piece of paper per zoom level.

Zoom details[edit | edit source]

The zoom functions from the time the map is centered (zoom level 0) to the largest size (zoom level 4).

Zoom step 0 Zoom step 1 Zoom step 2 Zoom step 3 Zoom step 4
Zoom step 0, 1:1 Zoom step 1, 1:2 Zoom step 2, 1:4 Zoom step 3, 1:8 Zoom step 4, 1:16
Zoom level 0/4 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
1 map pixel represents 1 block 2×2 blocks 4×4 blocks 8×8 blocks 16×16 blocks
(1×1 chunk)
Scaling ratio 1:1 1:2 1:4 1:8 1:16
Map covers an area of 128×128 blocks 256×256 blocks 512×512 blocks 1024×1024 blocks 2048×2048 blocks
8×8 chunks 16×16 chunks 32×32 chunks 64×64 chunks 128×128 chunks
Total paper needed to zoom out from Level 0 in crafting table or anvil[Bedrock Edition only] -
&format=original
8
&format=original
16
&format=original
24
&format=original
32
in cartography table -
&format=original
1
&format=original
2
&format=original
3
&format=original
4

Maps are always aligned to a grid at all zoom levels. That means zooming out any different map in a specific area covered by that map always has the same center. Zooming in does not retain the same center, but retains the same east and south (left and bottom) border. As such, maps are aligned by map width (1024 blocks for a level 3 maps) minus 64. A level 3 map generated at spawn covers X and Z coordinates from -64 to 960. All maps generated in this area zoom out to the same coordinates, guaranteeing that they are always 'aligned' on a map wall. For a zoomed out map to cover a new area, it must start with a base (level 0) map that is in that area.

At zoom level 0, a map created on the point (0,0) has (0,0) at the center of the map. At higher zoom levels of the same map, the coordinate (0,0) is in the top left square of the map.

Template:IN, zoom level can be seen on a map by turning on Advanced Tooltips (a Debug screen option that can be toggled by holding F3 and pressing H). The tooltip of the map then shows the zoom level and scaling factor.

Cloning[edit | edit source]

A mix of empty maps and empty locator maps may be used. Whether the cloned maps show position markers is dependent only on the input map.

Map/BE A cartography table can also be used to clone a map.

The parts of the world that have already been explored and mapped are copied, and newly explored areas appear on both instances.

In Creative mode, a map in an item frame may be cloned by using Template:Control on it, as long as that map is not also in the player's inventory.

Crafting ingredient[edit | edit source]

Template:Crafting usage

Marking points[edit | edit source]

File:Banner marked map.png
How every banner appears on a map, including named banners.

Template:Exclusive The player has the ability to mark spots on a map. To do this, Template:Control a map on a placed-down banner, and the spot of the banner gets marked on the map. The mark takes the color of whatever the base color is for the banner, and if the banner has a name, the mark shows that name. If the banner is destroyed, the mark of the banner remains at first, but if the player gets closer to where the banner previously was, it disappears as the area is updated on the map.

Locking[edit | edit source]

Maps can be locked when using a glass pane in a cartography table. This creates a new Map containing the same data and locks it. All copies of this new map are also locked. A locked map never changes, even when the depicted terrain changes.

Condition Newly created map Map after terrain alteration
Unlocked map 174px 174px
Locked map 174px 174px

Achievements[edit | edit source]

Template:Load achievements

Data values[edit | edit source]

ID[edit | edit source]

Java Edition:

Item Namespaced ID
&format=original
Map
filled_map
&format=original
Empty Map
map

Bedrock Edition:

Item Namespaced ID Numeric ID
&format=original
Map
map 358
&format=original
Empty Map
emptymap 395

Data values[edit | edit source]

See also: Bedrock Edition data values Template:IN, maps use the following data values:

Map/DV

Item data[edit | edit source]

Template:IN, a filled map has the following item NBT data:

Player.dat format/Maps

Template:IN, a filled map has the following item NBT data:

  • Template:Nbt: The item's tag tag.
    • Template:Nbt: Whether the map displays player markers. Equals 1 for a locator map, omitted for a non-locator map.
    • Template:Nbt: The index of the map's name in a table.
    • Template:Nbt: The map's unique identifier.

Map icons[edit | edit source]

See also: Player.dat format

Java ID Bedrock ID Text ID Appearance Purpose Shown in item frames?
0 player
&format=original
White marker
Players (on map) No
1 frame
&format=original
Green marker[Java Edition only]
&format=original
Item frame[Bedrock Edition only]
Item frames Yes
2 red_marker
&format=original
Red marker
Position converted to overworld when opening overworld map in Nether[Bedrock Edition only] No
3 blue_marker
&format=original
Blue marker
Other players No
4 target_x
&format=original
White X
Unused Yes
5 5 target_point
&format=original
Red triangle
Unused Yes
6 player_off_map
&format=original
Large white dot
Players off map, nearby[Java Edition only] No
7 13 player_off_limits
&format=original
Small white dot
Players off map, far away[Java Edition only] No
8 14 mansion
&format=original
Woodland mansion
Woodland mansion Yes
9 15 monument
&format=original
Ocean monument
Ocean monument Yes
10 - 25 Template:Tooltip
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original
&format=original

Banners in all 16 wool colors[Java Edition only]
Banner markers Yes
26 4 red_x
&format=original
Red X[Java Edition and Bedrock Edition only]
Buried treasure Yes
8
&format=original
Magenta marker
Position converted to overworld when opening overworld map in End[Bedrock Edition only] No
9
&format=original
Orange markerTemplate:More info
Other players Yes
10
&format=original
Yellow marker
Unused No
11
&format=original
Cyan marker
Unused No
- 12
&format=original
Green Triangle
Other structure such as stronghold, fortress, endcity, etc when used as explorer map destination[Bedrock Edition only] Yes

It should be noted that even if the player used a NBT editor to add an additional icon on the map, Minecraft shows only the first one listed when the player loads up their world.

History[edit | edit source]

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Issues[edit | edit source]

Template:Issue list

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • Template:IN, use of the F1 key can allow the player to hold a map without blocking their view at all.
  • Prior to 1.13, the highest possible Map-ID was 32767.Template:Testingame
    • If this number was reached, negative Map-IDs were used and could be updated only by reloading the game. When the counter returned to 0, maps started to be overwritten.
  • A map created using Template:Cmd can be any map by using the Map parameter to specify the map number desired. E.g. Template:Cmd gives the specified player map_5. If no data value is supplied it defaults to map_0. If map_0 has not ever been crafted, it is centered on x=0, z=0.
  • The maps are stored separately as their own data (.dat) file as map_x.dat with (x) being the map number, see map item format for more info. By manipulating this number, players can organize their maps to suit them, or if they accidentally create a map in the same location, they can delete their extra map so as to save the number they make.
  • Certain programs can be used to make customized maps with images or text on them instead of actual maps, many people use these in adventure maps to show pictures or to tell a story.
  • Since all copies of a map are links to the same file, copying an unfinished map keeps it synchronized with the copy as the player fills it in. Thus, a copy stored in a chest can act as a remote backup.
  • A map that is in an item frame does not update itself until a player picks it up, lets it reload, and places it back again.
  • Filled maps are the only items that make 90 degree rotations in item frames, and it's also the only item that can expand the item frame into full block wide.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

The Nether or the End[edit | edit source]

Maps in item frames[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


cs:Mapa de:Karte es:Mapa fr:Carte (objet) hu:Térkép (tárgy) ja:地図 ko:지도 nl:Kaart pl:Mapa pt:Mapa ru:Карта tr:Harita zh:地图